Using methods of inference and analogy, selected objects in grave association of the prehistoric Hopewell culture-complex in southern Ohio appear to define a cult of the dead, and further suggest the presence of ritual specialists shamans and a highly structured social system. The mortuary cult may have been based upon cosmological elements similar to those present in aboriginal eastern North America, and with the data at least three hypothetical funeral variants can be reconstructed. This qualitative study seeks to present the discursive effects of SADUPA, a new poetry-based technique centered on haiku, in the context of psycho-oncological treatment. The technique is used with a terminal cancer patient, Mr A. The psychological processes involved with and the poetic writings arising from the technique are discussed. The authors suggest that writing workshops based on the brief poetic structures of the haiku can enable patients to produce a larger and more singular narrative about their end-of-life experiences. See the Publisher web site. Publication journalofamefolk23ameruoft on Archive.

The American Greed Report: The latest twist in dating scams will make your blood boil

Share this article Share Retailer Victoria’s Secret and the band No Doubt have apologized in recent years for using Native American dress as fashion statements. A spokesman for Gov. Mary Fallin had no comment. The photo on Instagram says it was taken at Remington Park, a casino and horse race track owned by the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma City. A Chickasaw Nation spokesman had no immediate comment.

A spokesman for Governor Mary Fallin, seen here at the Governors Dinner in the State Dining Room of the White House on February 23, had no comment Christina Fallin also made headlines in after taking part in a photo shoot for a local magazine at the governor’s mansion.

is an Encyclopedia for the Native American flute.

Edit Pre-Columbian Further information: Settlement of the Americas, Paleo-Indians, and Pre-Columbian era map showing the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory. According to the still-debated Settlement of the Americas, a migration of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which formerly connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait.

The big-game hunting culture labeled as the Clovis culture is primarily identified with its production of fluted projectile points. The culture received its name from artifacts found near Clovis, New Mexico; the first evidence of this tool complex was excavated in The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis point, a flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft. Dating of Clovis materials has been in association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods.

Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11, and 10, radiocarbon years B. Contemporary Native Americans today have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands of Native Americans who have sovereignty or independence from the government of the United States.

Their societies and cultures flourish within a larger population of descendants of immigrants both voluntary and slave: African, Asian, Middle Eastern, and European peoples. Native Americans who were not already U. Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada, as well as adjacent areas to the west and southwest. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation accounts.

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I’d like to again thank J. Huang for tabulating these numbers for me. In analyzing intermarriage rates, many scholars argue that it is more accurate to focus on this portion of the Asian American population rather than on all Asian Americans because these Asians who were raised in the U. That is, having grown up in the U.

Oral History Web Sites; Select Oral History Projects & Lesson Plan Resources; Oral History Web Sites. Oral History Association The Oral History Association seeks to bring together all persons interested in oral history and provides both professional guidance and collegial environment for .

Settlement of the Americas, Paleo-Indians, and Pre-Columbian eraMap showing the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory. According to the still-debated Settlement of the Americas, a migration of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which formerly connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The big-game hunting culture labeled as the Clovis culture is primarily identified with its production of fluted projectile points.

The culture received its name from artifacts found near Clovis, New Mexico; the first evidence of this tool complex was excavated in The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis point, a flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft. Dating of Clovis materials has been by association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods.

Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11, and 10, radiocarbon years B. Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada, as well as adjacent areas to the west and southwest. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation accounts.

Linguists, anthropologists and archeologists believe their ancestors comprised a separate migration into North America, later than the first Paleo-Indians. They settled first around present-day Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, from where they migrated into Alaska and northern Canada, south along the Pacific Coast, and into the interior. They were the earliest ancestors of the Athabascan- speaking peoples, including the present-day and historical Navajo and Apache.

Their villages were constructed with large multi-family dwellings, used seasonally.

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These tribes grew corn and other crops and made pottery cooking vessels. Village tribes along the Missouri River used a bowl-shaped bullboat. They made it by stretching a buffalo hide over a wooden frame. It was too clumsy for water travel, but it could be used to ferry people and gear across a river. Each tribe knew where the buffalo should be from month to month and moved as necessary for convenience in hunting.

To get horses, the Indians were willing to trade their most valuable goods.

In a study, Crawford was part of a group that found the ancestors of all present-day Native Americans entered the Americas from Siberia into what is now Alaska no earlier than 23, years ago.

H-Oralhist is a discussion network for scholars and others involved in oral history studies and practice. It is affiliated with the Oral History Association and provides links to oral history projects by subject as well as websites with sound files. High School students at the Urban School of San Franciso have produced three impressive oral history interviews featured at this site: Urban school students conducted, filmed, and transcribed interviews, created hundreds of movie files associated with each transcript, and then posted the full-text, full-video interviews on this public website.

Teachers interested in conducting an oral history project can contact Urban School technology director Howard Levin and should consider attending his summer teacher workshop. For this projects students interview individuals who helped shape or witnessed events or periods that form the American experience of the 20th century.

1. Sycamore Canyon Wilderness

In this post, I go over my experience: Halloween in Medellin is fun. I wrote this post about my dating experience in Medellin back in April of Places frequented by tourists in Medellin are more saturated with foreigners than before. Furthermore, I am aware of the underworld of sex tourism in Colombia and I know that there are many strip clubs and brothels in Medellin; however, strippers and prostitutes are not the types of girls that I date, nor is it something I would like to promote, therefore, I will not be referring to that in this post.

Refseek Refseek is an academic search engine that makes academic information on the Internet easier to access than with typical search engines.

CREEKS Creek families lived in dwellings that consisted of one to four buildings, depending on the size and wealth of the family. Structures were rectangular and framed with sturdy poles. The walls were plastered with mud and straw. The roofs were of cypress-bark shingles. Generally, one structure was the cooking area and winter quarters, one was the summer lodge, another acted as a granary, and others served other functions. Near each dwelling the Creeks planted a small private garden where the women of the family grew corn, beans, tobacco, and other crops.

Outside the town a larger plot of land was used for the communal field in which the main food supply was grown. Each family possessed its own plot in the common field, but the entire tribe worked the land together, starting at one end and finishing at the other. When the time arrived, each family harvested its own plot and stored the produce in a private granary.

Surplus crops could be donated to the public store, which was used to feed visitors, supply war parties, or help feed families whose supplies failed. Corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, and melons were grown in abundance.

Oral History

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Among the more popular misconceptions were those holding that the first residents of the continent had been members of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel or refugees from the lost island of Atlantis , that their descendents had developed the so-called Mound Builder culture , and that Native Americans had later overrun and destroyed the Mound Builder civilization.

These erroneous and overtly racist beliefs were often used to rationalize the destruction or displacement of indigenous Americans. Such beliefs were not dispelled until the s, when Cyrus Thomas, a pioneering archaeologist employed by the Smithsonian Institution , demonstrated conclusively that the great effigy mounds , burial mounds , and temple mounds of the Northeast and Southeast culture areas had been built by Native Americans.

Monks Mound covers some 15 acres 6 hectares and is approximately feet 30 metres high; it dwarfs the automobile visible on the road in this photograph. Courtesy of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site Until the late s, it was generally believed—on the basis of evidence of the Clovis projectile points that had been found in New Mexico—that humans arrived in the Americas approximately 13, years ago.

Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas encompasses the visual artistic traditions of the indigenous peoples of the Americas from ancient times to the present. These include works from South America, Mesoamerica, North America including Greenland, as well as Siberian Yup’ik peoples who have great cultural overlap with Native Alaskan Yup’iks.

While there were many regionally distinct cultures, trade between them was common and they shared the practice of burying their dead in earthen mounds, which has preserved a large amount of their art. Because of this trait the cultures are collectively known as the Mound builders. The Woodland period BCE— CE is divided into early, middle, and late periods, and consisted of cultures that relied mostly on hunting and gathering for their subsistence. Ceramics made by the Deptford culture BCE— CE are the earliest evidence of an artistic tradition in this region.

The Adena culture are another well-known example of an early Woodland culture. They carved stone tablets with zoomorphic designs, created pottery , and fashioned costumes from animal hides and antlers for ceremonial rituals. Shellfish was a mainstay of their diet, and engraved shells have been found in their burial mounds. The Middle Woodland period was dominated by cultures of the Hopewell tradition — Their artwork encompassed a wide variety of jewelry and sculpture in stone, wood, and even human bone.

The Late Woodland period — CE saw a decline in trade and in the size of settlements, and the creation of art likewise declined. From the 12th century onward, the Iroquois and nearby coastal tribes fashioned wampum from shells and string; these were mnemonic devices, currency, and records of treaties. Iroquois people carve False Face masks for healing rituals, but the traditional representatives of the tribes, the Grand Council of the Haudenosaunee , are clear that these masks are not for sale or public display.

Two of her works are held by the Newark Museum.

American History » African American/Black History

Alaska Native art , Coast Salish art , Kwakwaka’wakw art , and Haida argillite carvings The art of the Haida , Tlingit , Heiltsuk , Tsimshian and other smaller tribes living in the coastal areas of Washington State , Oregon , and British Columbia , is characterized by an extremely complex stylistic vocabulary expressed mainly in the medium of woodcarving.

Famous examples include totem poles , transformation masks , and canoes. In addition to woodwork, two dimensional painting and silver, gold and copper engraved jewelry became important after contact with Europeans. A totem pole in Ketchikan , Alaska, in the Tlingit style. Haida argillite carving, Haida Gwaii, c.

The purpose of this website is to document some of the lesser-known prehistoric archaeological sites throughout Arizona. Many of the most spectacular Native American ruins in the state are operated as tourist attractions, with parking lots, sidewalks, guardrails, descriptive signs, and tour guides or Park Rangers keeping an eye on things.

Paleo-Indians and Settlement of the Americas This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory. It is not definitively known how or when the Native Americans first settled the Americas and the present-day United States. The prevailing theory proposes that people migrated from Eurasia across Beringia , a land bridge that connected Siberia to present-day Alaska during the Ice Age , and then spread southward throughout the Americas over the subsequent generations.

Genetic evidence suggests at least three waves of migrants arrived from Asia, with the first occurring at least 15 thousand years ago. Pre-Columbian era The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.

While technically referring to the era before Christopher Columbus ‘ voyages of to , in practice the term usually includes the history of American indigenous cultures until they were conquered or significantly influenced by Europeans, even if this happened decades or even centuries after Columbus’ initial landing. Native American cultures are not normally included in characterizations of advanced stone age cultures as ” Neolithic ,” which is a category that more often includes only the cultures in Eurasia, Africa, and other regions.

They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into five phases; [23] see Archaeology of the Americas. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living on this continent since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation stories. Other tribes have stories that recount migrations across long tracts of land and a great river, believed to be the Mississippi River.

Archeological and linguistic data has enabled scholars to discover some of the migrations within the Americas. The Clovis culture , a megafauna hunting culture, is primarily identified by the use of fluted spear points. Artifacts from this culture were first excavated in near Clovis, New Mexico.

Native Americans Try On “Indian” Halloween Costumes