Ninth and last crusade —72 Nov Edward I crowned on his return from the Crusades Apr In addition to the penny, the halfpenny and farthing were minted, and also a fourpenny piece called a ‘groat’ from the French ‘gross’ ‘Decorated’ Gothic period in English architecture till about Climate: Jews expelled from England by Edward I Dec: Berwick-upon-Tweed sacked by Edward I Apr Scots defeated Jul

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Dar-al-Jil, , p. Islamic leaders go to extraordinary means to hide the Gospel of Jesus from Muslims. Just as Satan wails at a crucifix at an exorcism – the Islamic cult member normally wails at the sight of the Christian Bible.

The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history and so incorporates individual variations. The science that studies Law at the level of legal systems is called Comparative Law.

His early novels were about scientists – Copernicus, Kepler and Newton – and were superbly accomplished, but he really hit his stride with The Book of Evidence , which was about a criminal aesthete, and which grew into a trilogy with Ghosts and Athena In The Untouchable , he brilliantly translated this dynamic into a fictional autobiography of Anthony Blunt.

He returns to it in The Sea, his best novel so far. It has been said of the Irish by some English person probably one invented by an Irishman that we gave them a language and they taught us how to use it. Gerald answers the door, summons Nick and stands back “to see if there was going to be any kind of trouble”. Gerald then retires to the kitchen, where he is overheard explaining that the visitor is “‘some pal of Nick’s When the passenger who Nick knew was Lady Partridge didn’t emerge, a very rare thing happened and the cabbie got out of the cab and yanked the door open himself, standing aside with a flourish which she acknowledged dryly as she stepped out.

Plenty of English writers can come up with smart turns of phrase and lines of occasional beauty, but Hollinghurst’s are the product, always, of precision and patience of observation. He is living proof that the vaulting claims made by [Henry James] on behalf of the novel – “the force and beauty of its process” – still hold good today. It might equally well be described as a 21st-century marketing proposition in the presence of J D Salinger.

That’s not to say that this – saturated in the influence of The Catcher in the Rye though it is – is a bad book.

Looking back at Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses

The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years. Here is a selective timeline of book bannings, burnings, and other censorship activities. Bannings and Burnings in History — B. The Chinese emperor Shih Huang Ti is said to have buried alive Confucian scholars to control the writing of history in his time.

Jul 02,  · The Best Commencement Speeches, Ever. Looking for some new words of wisdom? Check out our hand-picked selection of commencement addresses, going back to

Top row, from left: Google is in the process of digitizing every book ever printed in English — this year it passed the 30 million book mark. How references to coffee overtook tea in One of the more interesting examinations was done by the authors and a researcher named Adrian Veres. They looked at notable people born in a particular year and figured out which one was mentioned in books more than any other. For instance, of those born in , an Illinois baby named Abraham Lincoln would go on to be cited the most in years of book writing.

Salman Rushdie

The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years. Here is a selective timeline of book bannings, burnings, and other censorship activities. Bannings and Burnings in History — B. The Chinese emperor Shih Huang Ti is said to have buried alive Confucian scholars to control the writing of history in his time.

But first, a quick highlight reel from February Warby Parker turned two years learned how to verbalize pronouns, wash our own hands, and draw a vertical line. March We launched the Citizen’s Circus at SXSW in glorious days of music, active citizenship, local beer, and yurts.

Shamash the Babylonian sun god hands King Hammurabi a code of law The central source of law that is recognized as authoritative is codifications in a constitution or statute passed by legislature , to amend a code. While the concept of codification dates back to the Code of Hammurabi in Babylon ca. This was an extensive reform of the law in the Byzantine Empire , bringing it together into codified documents. Civil law was also partly influenced by religious laws such as Canon law and Islamic law.

Only legislative enactments rather than legal precedents , as in common law are considered legally binding. Scholars of comparative law and economists promoting the legal origins theory usually subdivide civil law into four distinct groups: As historically integrated in the Scandinavian cultural sphere, Finland and Iceland also inherited the system.

List of national legal systems

July 14, July 17, At the all-India level, 10, candidates have been declared qualified of the estimated three lakh candidates who tried their luck. Among these, 39, aspirants from the Telugu States appeared for the exam.

Some of the most controversial books in history are now regarded as classics. The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years.

Part 1[ edit ] Jerry and George get the green light to produce Jerry, the pilot for the series based on their ” nothing ” lives. George is obsessed with a potentially cancerous white spot on his lip and a box of raisins taken by an actor playing Kramer , played by Larry Hankin who had actually auditioned for the role of Kramer when Seinfeld began production. The real Kramer has intestinal problems and, on his way to find a bathroom, he gets delayed by being mugged and “misses his chance” to resolve the problem, resulting in constipation.

Jerry has an audition with the new “Elaine” played by Elena Wohl , a method actress interested in being Elaine in every way, including insisting being called Elaine and even going as far as dating Jerry and breaking up with him in Part 2. Jerry points out to the real Elaine that Monk’s coffee shop appears to be only hiring buxom waitresses, so she tries to get hired; when the owner turns her down, she files a report with the Equal Employment Opportunity office.

Part 2[ edit ] Rehearsals for the pilot begin. NBC executive Russell Dalrymple’s obsession with Elaine begins to affect his work; she tries to let him down easy by saying she can’t be in a relationship with a high-powered man and would prefer to be with someone selfless, such as a member of Greenpeace. Kramer resolves his constipation by administering himself an enema. George mistakenly thinks that his white spot has been diagnosed as cancer and goes on a tirade at NBC, only to discover that he misunderstood the diagnosis.

At the taping of the pilot, “Crazy” Joe Davola leaps out of the audience and onto the set while yelling ” Sic semper tyrannis! The pilot airs and numerous characters from past episodes at that point in the run comment on it. In order to prove himself worthy of Elaine, Russell joins Greenpeace and is lost at sea during a botched assault on a whaling ship.

The cover for the Jerry pilot script floats away at sea along with the former NBC president as one of Russell’s shipmates vows to find Elaine and tell her about Russell’s actions in fighting the whalers. His replacement at NBC, Rita Kearson, dislikes the show and cancels it immediately, without waiting for the ratings to come in.

About 600 qualify Civils prelims from TS, A.P.

Check new design of our homepage! While music and entertainment were fantastic over these years, it was also an era of economic development and international relations. Historyplex Staff Last Updated: She was the only lady to ever hold the position and went on to become the longest-serving prime minister in the United Kingdom.

“Read every page of this book; better still, re-read them. The invocation means no hardship, since every true reader must surely be captivated by Rushdie’s masterful invention and ease, the flow of wit and insight and passion.

The novelist said he wouldn’t rule out relationships completely but he has no desire for a fifth union. Salman Rushdie and his former wife Padma Lakshmi split weeks after the Satanic Verses author received a knighthood The author of The Satanic Verses also revealed he doesn’t want any more children beyond his only son. Second was US novelist Marianne Wiggins who he married in and divorced five years later.

He had been married to third wife Elizabeth West a mere two years when he kicked her into touch after meeting former Vogue model Padma Lakshmi at a party in New York in They were a mismatched couple in many senses – she was 24 years his junior and stood a full seven inches taller in her heels than the 5ft 7in Rushdie. Since the break-up Rushdie has rarely been seen without a glamorous woman on his arm and has been overseeing his own radical image makeover. Sir Salman Rushdie with his second wife, American author Marianne Wiggins He has treated himself to an oversized ‘bling’ watch that might be more at home on the wrist of David Beckham or the rapper Jay-Z.

The wordsmith has taken to wearing sunglasses indoors and even toyed with getting fit. He also issued a ‘come-and-get-me-girls’ invitation in the New York Times, when he announced: Aita, an Oxford-educated journalist, reveals on her website that she is also a budding author ‘with two books currently in development’. But his most recent reported love interest is Riya Sen, a year-old Bollywood actress and model, who has been described as the Indian equivalent of ubiquitous British glamour girl Jordan.

The year-old has been described as the Indian version of Katie Price aka Jordan The couple are said to have hit it off after meeting in a Mumbai nightclub, and sources in India told the Mail that Rushdie has since ‘assiduously hunted her down’. His glamorous prey has, it seems, not been making too serious an attempt to escape his clutches, and has arranged to stay with Sir Salman at his Manhattan home.

Parvati Patil

Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis? They survived it; so can we. In this course we will define terrorism the way the Arabs define it, as any organized violence, by an individual, group or state, legitimate or illegitimate, against a civilian population, either intentional or unintentional.

Black Water is both a personal and stylistic meditation on terror as well as an indirect indictment of the terror a powerful political leader has over an innocent civilian.

“The Pilot” is the two-part season finale episode of the fourth season of Seinfeld. It makes up the 63rd and 64th episodes and first aired on May 20,

I saw loads of stuff Parvati became best friends with Lavender Brown , with whom she shared many interests, such as a love for Divination. Parvati attended the Yule Ball with Harry Potter in , and a year later she joined Dumbledore’s Army , an organisation taught and led by Harry Potter. It is unknown if she survived the battle. Contents Biography Early life Parvati was born to Mr Patil and his wife as one of their twin daughters; the other being Padma.

Hogwarts years Draco Malfoy: Parvati shared her dormitory with Hermione Granger , her best friend, Lavender Brown and other two girls. Slytherin student Pansy Parkinson made fun of her for this. Hermione also gave her a hug after Harry won a game of Quidditch against the Hufflepuff team.

1980s’ Timeline: Important Events of the ’80s Everyone Should Know

It is a place where artists and intellectuals had taken refuge as the Reconquista by Spanish Christians won victories over Al Andalus. The Alhambra integrates natural site qualities with constructed structures and gardens, and is a testament to Moorish culture in Spain and the skills of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian artisans, craftsmen, and builders of their era. The literal translation of Alhambra, “the red female ,” reflects the color of the red clay of the surroundings of which the fort is made.

The buildings of the Alhambra were originally whitewashed ; however, the buildings as seen today are reddish. Another possible origin of the name is the tribal designation of the Nasrid Dynasty , known as the Banu al-Ahmar Arabic: Detail of Islamic calligraphy in Mexuar Hall:

Breads, spreads, biscuits, crackers, cakes Anchor Butter (1): c There’s an Anchor sign on Britain’s favourite butter, It’s the Anchor sign that tells you it’s the best.

Las Posadas Clothing Clothing for most Indians is also quite simple and typically untailored. Men especially in rural areas frequently wear little more than a broadcloth dhoti , worn as a loose skirtlike loincloth, or, in parts of the south and east, the tighter wraparound lungi. In both cases the body remains bare above the waist, except in cooler weather, when a shawl also may be worn, or in hot weather, when the head may be protected by a turban. The more-affluent and higher-caste men are likely to wear a tailored shirt, increasingly of Western style.

Muslims, Sikhs, and urban dwellers generally are more inclined to wear tailored clothing, including various types of trousers, jackets, and vests. Indian men wearing dhotis, from a 19th-century painting. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London Although throughout most of India women wear saris and short blouses, the way in which a sari is wrapped varies greatly from one region to another. In Punjab, as well as among older female students and many city dwellers, the characteristic dress is the shalwar-kamiz , a combination of pajama-like trousers and a long-tailed shirt saris being reserved for special occasions.

Billowing ankle-length skirts and blouses are the typical female dress of Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat. Most rural Indians, especially females, do not wear shoes and, when footwear is necessary, prefer sandals. Indian woman wearing a sari, detail of a gouache painting on mica from Tiruchchirappalli, India, c. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London The modes of dress of tribal Indians are exceedingly varied and can be, as among certain Naga groups, quite ornate.

Throughout India, however, Western dress is increasingly in vogue, especially among urban and educated males, and Western-style school uniforms are worn by both sexes in many schools, even in rural India.

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A Scandinavian hoard of coins found in Croydon c. His most famous work, … House of Wisdom — The House of Wisdom Bayt al-Hikma was a library, translation institute and research centre established in Abbasid-era Baghdad, Iraq. It bears the shahadah Islamic declaration of faith. It is on display at the British Museum.

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His next novel, Midnight’s Children , catapulted him to literary notability. This work won the Booker Prize and, in and , was awarded the Best of the Bookers as the best novel to have received the prize during its first 25 and 40 years. The character of Saleem Sinai has been compared to Rushdie. Both these works of postcolonial literature are characterised by a style of magic realism and the immigrant outlook that Rushdie is very conscious of as a member of the Kashmiri diaspora.

Rushdie wrote a non-fiction book about Nicaragua in called The Jaguar Smile. This book has a political focus and is based on his first-hand experiences and research at the scene of Sandinista political experiments. His most controversial work, The Satanic Verses , was published in see section below. In addition to books, Rushdie has published many short stories, including those collected in East, West The Moor’s Last Sigh , a family epic ranging over some years of India’s history was published in

The Truth Behind Satanic Verses By Salman Rushdie & Al-Rassooli